Spinal Fusion – How to Minimize Intraoperative Blood Loss

Dr. Philip Henkin

September 27, 2022


Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure in which a bone graft is implanted between two vertebrae. This procedure prevents motion between the fused vertebrae and is an excellent treatment for certain spinal conditions. Although spinal fusion can be risky, it is also a safe option.

Spinal fusion is done by placing a bone graft between the vertebrae

Spinal fusion surgery involves the placement of bone graft material between the vertebrae to stabilize a spinal deformity. The graft can be made of the patient’s bone from a donor. There are several methods for spinal fusion. A natural healing process may be used to fuse the bones, or a bone bank may be used. Other methods use cage devices. The spine is immobilized while the bone graft is placed.

Bone grafts may be taken from a cadaver or a donor. In most cases, allograft bone comes from another human or animal. Sometimes, a patient will donate their bone after death, so this method is considered an option. Unlike autograft bone, allograft bone does not grow into a new bone but instead acts as a scaffold. Over time, the natural bone will replace the artificial bone. Bone grafts are available in various sizes and shapes, and your surgeon will determine which is best suited to your condition.

It prevents motion at a painful vertebral segment

Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure that can help treat pain resulting from degenerative disc disease. Discs between vertebrae act as shock absorbers and can become damaged over time, causing the bones to rub against each other and compress nerves. The surgery involves fusing the affected bones with pedicle screws. It can be performed for several reasons.

There are two basic approaches to spinal fusion: the anterior approach and the posterior approach. In the posterior approach, the doctor works from behind the patient. This technique involves removing the problem disc and fusing the vertebral bones. The procedure is known as posterior lumbar interbody fusion and involves a mid-back incision.

It causes blood loss

The extent of blood loss during spine fusion surgery can vary greatly depending on the procedure performed. However, certain factors may place patients at increased risk for increased intraoperative blood loss. In this article, we will discuss these factors and discuss how to prevent excessive blood loss. Read on to learn about the most common causes and methods of minimizing blood loss during spine surgery.

Blood loss during lumbar fusion surgery is common. Although surgeons often measure perioperative bleeding, many do not account for unmeasured blood loss caused by hemolysis, or HBL. K.R. Sehat first raised this issue during a TKA study in 2000, and subsequent studies have indicated that spinal fusion can cause significant unmeasured blood loss.

It is an effective treatment for certain spinal conditions

Spinal fusion involves fusing the bones in the spinal column together. The procedure may involve using metal screws or plates to hold the vertebrae in place while the bone graft fuses. The fusion will provide a permanent union of the bones. While many patients choose to leave the hardware in place after the procedure, some would rather not have it. Recent advancements in medical technology have improved the accuracy of surgical incisions and hardware placement. Advanced fluoroscopy, endoscopy, and navigation technologies have made this possible.

Spinal fusion can help ease the pain of some back conditions. The procedure can be effective for patients suffering from degenerative disc disease, scoliosis, spinal stenosis, or spondylolisthesis. However, the procedure is complex and should only be performed by an experienced surgeon.

It can cause long-term health problems

One of the most common side effects of spinal fusion is infection. The infection may start in the incision made in the skin, or it can spread deeper into the spinal cord and vertebrae. A superficial infection is not life-threatening, but a deeper infection can lead to a permanent disability. In any case, the surgeon will do everything possible to minimize the risk of infection. In addition to taking precautions during the surgery, they may prescribe antibiotics before the procedure to reduce the risk of infection.

The process of spinal fusion can take several months. While it may take several months before the bone fuses, patients typically experience discomfort for the first several weeks. This is normal, and their comfort level will increase over time. Patients will be taught proper posture and movement after surgery, and they will gradually increase their activity level. Physical therapy may be prescribed six to three months after the procedure.