Understanding Stroke: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Dr. Philip Henkin

June 16, 2023


A stroke is a medical emergency when the blood supply to the brain is disrupted. It is a leading cause of disability and death worldwide. This article will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment of stroke.

What is a Stroke?

A stroke, also known as a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), occurs when the blood flow to a part of the brain is blocked or interrupted. The brain cells are deprived of oxygen and nutrients, leading to their damage or death. Can be classified into two types: ischemic and hemorrhagic.

Ischemic Stroke:

An ischemic is caused by a blockage in an artery that supplies blood to the brain. The backup can occur due to a blood clot or plaque buildup in the street. Ischemic account for about 87% of all strokes.

Hemorrhagic Stroke:

A hemorrhagic stroke is caused by bleeding in the brain. It occurs when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures and releases blood into the surrounding tissue. Hemorrhagic account for about 13% of all.

Causes of Stroke:

Several risk factors increase the chances of developing. Some of these risk factors can be controlled, while others cannot.

Controllable Risk Factors:

• High blood pressure
• Smoking
• High cholesterol levels
• Diabetes
• Obesity
• Physical inactivity
• Unhealthy diet
• Alcohol consumption

Uncontrollable Risk Factors:

• Age
• Gender
• Family history
• Race
• Prior history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA)

Symptoms of Stroke:

The symptoms can vary depending on the affected part of the brain. The common symptoms of include:

• Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body
• Sudden confusion or difficulty speaking or understanding speech
• Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
• Sudden dizziness, loss of balance, or coordination
• Sudden severe headache with no known cause

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is crucial to seek medical attention immediately. Time is of the essence in treating, and early treatment can improve the chances of recovery.

Treatment of Stroke:

The treatment of depends on the type the severity of the symptoms. The primary goal of therapy is to restore blood flow to the brain as quickly as possible to prevent further damage.

Ischemic Stroke Treatment:

The treatment for ischemic stroke includes:

• Intravenous thrombolysis: A clot-dissolving medication is given intravenously to dissolve the blood clot and restore blood flow to the brain.
• Mechanical thrombectomy: A catheter is inserted into the artery through a small incision in the groin and guided to the blocked blood vessel in the brain. The clot is then removed using a stent retriever or other similar devices.

Hemorrhagic Stroke Treatment:

The treatment for hemorrhagic stroke includes:

• Surgical intervention: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the blood clot or repair the damaged blood vessel.
• Medications: Medications may be given to control bleeding and reduce the risk of further bleeding.


After acute stroke treatment, rehabilitation is essential to promote recovery and prevent complications. Repair may include physical, occupational, speech, and cognitive therapy.


Preventing requires a healthy lifestyle that includes regular physical activity, a nutritious diet, maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, and managing chronic conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol levels.


A stroke is a medical emergency that requires prompt medical attention. Understanding the risk factors, symptoms, and treatment options can help prevent improve the chances of recovery in case. Adopting a healthy lifestyle and managing chronic conditions can reduce the risk of other cardiovascular diseases.